Annual celebration brings parades, fairs to Germany

Herald Union file
Swollen heads march in a Fasching parade. The high point of the Fasching festivities is Rosenmontag, or Rose Monday. The parade in Mainz is one of the biggest in the country and features almost 10,000 participants from Mainz and other European cities.

It’s that time of the year again. Germany is celebrating its “fifth season” — Fasching Season or Fastnacht Season. Take your Halloween costume out of the closet again and get ready to shout “Helau!” as loud as you can.
Every February, Fasching gets into full swing with big parades on the streets and fairs to celebrate the beginning of the Lenten season.

Köln, Düsseldorf and Mainz are Germany’s Fasching capitals. Although Fasching season officially starts in November, the big parties start in February — this year on Thursday, Feb. 28, when women dress up in funny costumes and carry a pair of scissors to cut off men’s ties, literally cutting off the symbol of men’s power. Many companies end their workday on that day around noon to allow their female workers to go out on the streets and cut off as many ties as they can and celebrate at a bar. The day is widely known as Weiberfastnacht (old woman’s Fasching).

On Friday, the so-called Soot Friday, children were traditionally allowed to smear soot on people’s faces. However, this custom is not practiced much anymore in the Rhein-Main area.

Saturday brings the first big parades to the cities. Residents of Wiesbaden are lucky, because they have access to the Fasching festivities in two German cities — Wiesbaden and Mainz.

The city of Wiesbaden celebrates their Kinderfest on Saturday, March 2, followed by a parade for the younger generation. The parade marches through the downtown pedestrian area starting at 2:11 p.m.

On Sunday, Mainz focuses more on its surrounding communities and districts, which hold their parades on that day. Meanwhile, people of Wiesbaden gather in the downtown area again to watch the Wiesbaden Fasching parade, starting at 1:11 p.m., at Elsässer Platz. The pedestrian area in front of the city hall and Wilhelmstrasse are good places to watch the parade, but those places also tend to be very crowded. The parade consists of floats that usually mock and poke fun of national and international politicians or topics, but it also consists of marching bands and troops on foot. You may want to bring a large bag with you, because parade participants will toss small toys and candy into the crowd.

The high point of the festivities is “Rosenmontag,” or Rose Monday. The parade in Mainz is one of the biggest in the country and features almost 10,000 participants from Mainz and other European cities. The first time this parade was held was in 1838. The parade starts at 11:11 a.m. and marches about 7.2 kilometers through the downtown area. Good places to watch are at Schillerplatz and in front of the Mainz State Theater, however, these are also the most crowded places.

Some examples of funny parade participants are the so-called Schwellkoepp (swollen heads), which are large heads modeled after famous characters from Fasching history. When you see them, keep in mind that the person underneath the head is carrying 25 kg (around 50 lbs) on a 7.2 km (4.5 mile) march through the city.

In order to fit in with the crowd, make sure to yell the word “helau” (Hell-OW) every once in a while. After the parade, you can finish off the day with a visit to the market place in front of the cathedral where there will be a large fair with carousels, Bratwurst and more candy.

Fasching time is about being happy and getting ready for Lenten season, which starts on Ash Wednesday, March 6 this year, when all festivities finally come to an end. So make sure to dress up, eat some comfort food and enjoy the fun that the Rhein Main area has to offer during this fifth season.

Find more Wiesbaden Fasching information at, and Mainz Fasching information at